Adaptive Housing

Project     Adaptive Housing
Content    Housing  as an Adaptive System
Type         Faculty of Architecture Ljubljana
Location  Ljubljana – Slovenia
Authors   Ana Cankar, mentor prof. V. Brezar
Year         2005

Contemporary urban pattern based on complexity and mobility is creating dispersed and fragmented structures. How new structures can be adapted to the heterogeneous territory and be opened for modifications and changes over time? How can a landscape be created that while enabling mobility, can offer elements of urban coherence and environmental quality? The proposal is based on adaptive system capable of flexible adjustments and self-organization. The area measures 43 hectares and the aim is to construct 700 residential units combined with public buildings.

The main priority of the site is specific landscape pattern consisted of horizontal belts of forest and meadows. The analysis is based on the method developed by Forman and Godron where various modifications inside the landscape system are the reason for the structural pattern of the area. The main component of the landscape structure is matrix (forest) inside which patches (meadows) are incorporated. The proposal of scenario is therefore based on the protection of the landscape matrix. The concept proposes an adaptive system of residential and public units with temporary dimension. Spatial convertibility creates formless urban structure and morphologically complex layouts. The belts of low-compact housing structure are interrupted with amorphous shape of public squares. Together they are forming identity groups distinguished by program and appearance. Spacing between houses creates semi-public spaces that enable permeability of the area and higher level of social interactions.

Adaptiveness of the area: Open structure of composition enables development by stages.Urban bandages and public squares can be flexible shaped and optional situated. That enables simulation of development process. Size of the area can be flexible modify. Public squares enable flexible range of usages that can be modified by the inhabitants. Urban bandages enable arbitrary position of public program and mixture of activities. Circular in form, the bandage has no front or back, leaving it free to be accessible from all directions. Due to varied degree of material transparency the bandage enables the determination of the space and visually connects interior with landscape.

Adaptive Housinganacankar